The main part of retirement planning is income. In fact, outliving money in retirement is a major concern among retirees. You may have an employer sponsored account, like a 401(k), for retirement income. With a 401(k) you pay taxes when you withdraw the money, usually at retirement. But do you know about a tax-free retirement account? This often-overlooked strategy offers many benefits. In this article, you will explore the pros and cons of a tax free retirement account to help you decide if one aligns with your financial goals.
Understanding Tax Free Retirement Accounts
What is a Tax-Free Retirement Account?
A tax free retirement account is also known as a Roth IRA. It is an investment account that allows you to save for retirement with after-tax dollars. Unlike traditional retirement accounts, withdrawals from a Roth IRA are typically tax-free once you reach a certain age.
How Does a Tax-Free Retirement Account Work?
A Roth IRA works by allowing you to contribute a portion of your after-tax income to investments. Over time, these investments aim to grow tax-free. And when you withdraw money in retirement, you won’t owe any more taxes on the gains. This tax-free growth may be worth considering depending on your unique circumstances.
Advantages of Tax-Free Retirement Accounts
The primary benefit of a tax-free retirement account is the ability to withdraw funds during retirement without incurring any taxes. This can be an important difference compared to traditional retirement accounts that subject your withdrawals to taxation.
Diverse Investment Alternatives
Tax-free retirement accounts offer a wide range of investment choices, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and more. This flexibility allows you to tailor your investments to your risk tolerance and financial goals.
No Age Restrictions for Contributions
Unlike traditional IRAs and 401(k)s, Roth accounts have no age restrictions for contributions. Provided you have earned income, you can contribute to your Roth account indefinitely. This means you can continue to save in retirement.
No Required Minimum Distributions
Another advantage of a Roth is no required minimum distribution (RMD) while the owner is alive. RMD is a rule of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is the minimum amount of money you must withdraw each year when you turn a certain age to avoid penalties. The RMD rule may prevent money from growing tax-deferred and passing it on as an inheritance. The RMD rule may cause the account to exhaust while taxes are paid. But a Roth is a non-qualified account. Non-qualified means it does not afford certain IRS benefits, like tax-deferred status. This is offset with the no RMD rule for the Roth. Meaning you can leave your money invested for as long as you want, allowing it to potentially grow.
A cardinal rule of financial planning is diversification. And this principle applies to your tax strategy as well. A tax free retirement account may help you create a diversified approach to taxation in retirement. This helps you choose a suitable strategy for you to access your funds. The flexibility can help you manage your tax liability in retirement.
Disadvantages of a Tax Free Retirement Account
Unlike qualified retirement accounts, the Roth IRA has income limits. In 2023, the modified adjusted gross income (AGI) limit for a married couple is $228,000. The modified AGI limit for a single person is $153,000. These limits prevent high wage earners from benefiting from the tax-advantaged account. However, a backdoor Roth is a legal way to avoid the income limits. Because of the complexity of the backdoor Roth, consider speaking with a tax professional for help in setting one up.
Lower Elective Contribution Limits
The Roth has lower elective contribution limits compared to qualified retirement accounts. This again may disqualify high wage earners from benefiting from the tax advantage status of the Roth. The maximum elective contribution an earner under 50 can make in 2023 is $6500. Earners 50 and over can contribute an extra $1000 in 2023 for a total of $7500.
No Immediate Tax Break
Roth IRA contributions are made with after-tax money. This means there is no tax deduction in the contribution year.
With a Roth IRA, earnings are subject to a 5-year holding period. This means you cannot withdraw any earnings for at least 5 years from the first contribution without penalty. And with a few exceptions, withdrawals of earnings before 59 ½ are also subject to penalties.
Roth IRA’s may not be suitable for everyone. For example, the low annual contribution rate and income level limits may discourage high wage earners from using a Roth.
In conclusion, a tax-free retirement account is a powerful tool that aims to help strengthen your financial future. By offering tax-free withdrawals, diverse investment choices, and flexible contributions, these accounts aim to be a valuable addition to any retirement plan. In an era of doubt, working to protect your retirement income is important. Tax free retirement accounts aim shield your savings from potential tax hikes. With these accounts, you won’t be affected by changes in tax rates. This can help ensure you won’t outlive your money.
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These concepts were derived under current laws and regulations. Changes in the law or regulations may affect the information provided. This information is not intended to be used – and cannot be used – to avoid penalties under the Internal Revenue Code. The use of asset allocation or diversification does not assure a profit or guarantee against a loss.
Georgene Collins, RICP®, RN, PhD, MBA is a registered nurse turned Financial Advisor at Airey Financial Group. Georgene helps other nurses take control of their finances and prepare for retirement. Georgene began her career with Airey Financial Group in 2017 after retiring from 30 years in healthcare.
Georgene holds the Retirement Income Certified Professional (RICP®) designation from The American College of Financial Services. She holds health and life insurance licenses and a long-term care certificate in Indiana and Illinois. Georgene is a Registered Representative and Investment Advisor Representative and has earned the FINRA Series 63 and 65 registrations.